El asesinato de las hermanas Mirabal que marcó la lucha contra la violencia de género

El 25 de noviembre de 1960 se cometió un crimen que marcó un antes y un después en la forma de ver las agresiones hacia el género femenino. Tres hermanas, Minerva, Patria y María Teresa Mirabal, activistas políticas en República Dominicana, fueron brutalmente asesinadas en un pueblo cercano a la capital, Santo Domingo, por orden del por aquel entonces dictador Rafael Leónidas Trujillo. ¿El motivo? La insistencia de las tres mujeres en eliminar las injusticias, acabar con la violencia y los maltratos hacia las mujeres totalmente normalizados en el país y derrocar a un régimen que, en 30 años, dejó un balance de más de 50.000 muertos.

Sus cuerpos fueron hallados al final de un barranco, en el interior de un coche. Todo se había planeado para que pareciera un accidente. Sin embargo, las anteriores amenazas del dictador, sumadas a los signos de violencia, los golpes que pudieron encontrarse en los cadáveres, desvelaron lo evidente.

Tras conocerse la noticia de la muerte de «Las Mariposas», nombre en clave que utilizaban las hermanas Mirabal para guadar su identidad mientras luchaban contra el régimen, miles de personas salieron a la calle a protestar. Muy pronto se convirtieron en un símbolo de la lucha por el bienestar de las mujeres.

En 1981, en el primer encuentro feminista de América Latina y El Caribe, se propuso celebrar el día contra la violencia hacia la mujer el 25 de noviembre. En 1999, la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas aprobó en su honor la Declaración sobre la eliminación de la violencia ocntra la mujer.

22 Comments on "El asesinato de las hermanas Mirabal que marcó la lucha contra la violencia de género"

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